|In XIX century in Colombia, was found a few dozen unusual gold
figurines. Figures depict some strange animals. With the coming era of
airplane figurines recognized aircraft. Not only that, over time there
were more such products in South America. At the burial of Egypt also
found a glider or plane. The constructed models have shown the wonders
Figures, sometimes called golden, is actually made of an alloy of
gold and copper. They are part of an extensive collection, which is the
world’s single "Gold Museum” (Museo del Oro) in Bogota. Most of these
artifacts have been created between the fifth century AD until the
arrival of the conquistadors.
First drew attention to the uncanny resemblance "little animals” with
model airplanes jeweler Emmanuel Staub, when in 1969 Colombians showed
his exhibition at the New York Museum of Metropolitan. He made a copy
that you sent the famous American writer and naturalist aivan Terence
Sanderson (Ivan Terence Sanderson), the website nosvisitan.com .
Mr Sanderson (1911-1973) – author of popular books on cryptozoology,
the mystery of the yeti, received a strange object, made a list of all
the animals that can fly and where the Indians were able to observe
firsthand. In his list was a place and flying fish and sharks. However,
in his opinion, none of these animals are not like a man-made objects.
After much thought Sanderson came to the conclusion that the figures –
it is not zoomorphic creatures, and most likely aircraft. Need help of a
specialist and a zoologist wrote a letter to the American expert on
aerodynamics, Arthur Young (Arthur Middleton Young), a designer
helicopter Bell .
Response engineer disappointed popularizer, because although the
designer and allows the existence of some similarities with the
aircraft, but in his view, the wings were badly placed, and the front
end and did not like the front of the aircraft. The conclusion was
categorical – presented by subject, not a copy of the aircraft.
Sanderson, however, this has not calmed down and sent another sample
Allrichu engineer Jack A. (Jack A. Ullrich). The assessment of this geek
was completely the opposite of the verdict of his fellow man. He
compared the figure with jet F-102 Delta Dagger , who from 1955 to 1964.
producing American company Convair. By the way, this fighter plane has a
top with a scab to 1185 km / h.
A former technician of the Air Force of the United States of America
Allrich went further, stressing that the wings of the object resemble
the wings of a seaplane. Sanderson immediately concluded that the figure
could have done in imitation of the morphology of the volatilefish,
given the obvious similarities between these figures and strange fish.
Exocoetidae or flying fish – fish family unit sarganoobraznyh. There
are more than 70 species. Flying fish can fly through the air over 100
feet and soar to a height of 10 meters. Critics of Sanderson’s version
of the existence of airplanes in pre-Columbian civilizations in South
America say, they say, fascinated by these strange fish of the Indians
just wanted to play them. A similar specimen, exhibited in the museum of
primitive art in New York, equipped with a plaque with the inscription
"winged crocodile. And it is not necessary to have a rich imagination,
that at every instance of mouth and eyes, can easily find the cockpit,
fuselage, wings, stabilizers, fin.
Sanderson was a prolific writer and a good promoter of his beloved
science of zoology. His article about the mysterious figurines created a
sensation and attracted massive interest in gold figurines from
Colombia. Many experts and laymen rushed to look for similar figures and
images in museums and private collections.
In museums around the world found about thirty gold figurines that
resemble airplanes. At various times, they were all found in the tombs
of the South American Indian chiefs. Most of these "airplanes” is found
in the Colombian province of Tolima. In the Berlin Museum of
Ethnography, in particular, kept "airplane”, found in Costa Rica.
Reported the discovery of similar gold products in Venezuela and Peru.
Perhaps these figures were breast ornaments or amulets.
Fans of aviation, addicted to the same aircraft construction, Algund
Enboom (Algund Eenboom), Peter Belting (Peter Belting) and Conrad
Lubbers (Conrad Lübbers) from Germany, have created increased 16-fold
copies of the figures. For this purpose, we chose two figures: one of
the Gold Museum in Bogota, which is described Sanderson, the other –
from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. Airplanes made in two
versions. One supplied with the propeller on the other put a jet engine.
For greater visibility of airplanes covered with gold paint. Experiment
in 1996 showed that the airplanes have excellent aerodynamic
properties, performing aerobatics, such as loop or a barrel. They are
perfectly planned to shut off the motor and maneuvered with confidence
in spite of wind gusts.
Two years later the experiment was repeated. Specialists have
recognized a similar device – the creation of human hands, rather than
nature, and it is intended for the flight!
During the frenzy of 1969, when the full-searched "airplanes”, an
Egyptian professor of anatomy, Helwan University, and Fellow of the
Royal Egyptian club model aircraft and the Egyptian club Aeronautics
Messiha Khalil (Khalil Messiha) drew attention to the information stored
in the Cairo Archaeological Museum figurine of a bird. She settled down
in the window labeled "Figures of birds.” But Messiha noticed that
something in the shape of this bird, discovered in 1898 in the burial of
Pa-di-Imen in the north of Saqqara, dating from 200 BC, vaguely
reminiscent of an aircraft or, at worst, the glider.
This item with accession number 6347 is made of solid wood or
sycamore maple. It weighs 39.120 grams. Length – 14,2 cm, wingspan –
18,3 cm Nose figurines made in the form of the beak. On the right side
of the bird’s eye painted on the other side it is missing (perhaps
erased). In addition to these two moments, the model has no signs of
bird. Tail, as in Colombia, "airplanes”, is a vertical fin. The wings
and body are clearly aerodynamic contours. Some observers have even
noticed a resemblance to an American military transport aircraft
medium-and long-range C-130 Hercules , produced aviakontsernom Lockheed .
Design engineers of aircraft immediately drew attention to one
significant flaw. If this alleged model glider, then it has no
horizontal tail and stabilizers, without which the glider will be
unstable in flight. Then Khalil Messiha produced a replica of a museum
exhibit, providing its stabilizer. Equipped with a little motor with a
propeller model developed speed from 45 to 65 miles per hour (72 to 105
km / h) and could carry little weight.
After such a sensational discovery in the vaults of the Egyptian
Museum began searching for unique bird-aircraft. January 12, 1972 in the
central hall of the museum opened an exhibition of ancient Egyptian
models of aircraft, which had 14 items.
Nevertheless, most Egyptologists believe that this image of a bird
with outstretched wings, and only birds. However, with a rather strange
tail that have these birds living in the wild, is not found. In support
of his hypothesis, scientists refer to three very similar to a bird of
Saqqara pictures that adorned the tops of the masts of ancient Egyptian
ships. At one shows the main boat of Pharaoh Ramses III (reigned from
1187 to 1156 BC. Er.), On the other – mast boat during the reign of
Herhor (1076 to 1066 BC. Er.), The third – the central mast ship the
High Priest of Amun during the reign of Amenhotep II (18 th dynasty).
All three are in bas-relief of the god Khonsu Temple at Karnak, and from
the late New Kingdom (in one version of the chronological framework of
the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt fit from 1550 to 1070 BC. Er.).
Add, god Amun, his wife – the goddess Mut and son of the sky – the moon
god Khonsu – were so-called Theban triad of the Egyptian gods. The fact
that the inscription on the bird says that it is offering to Amun. Amon,
whose name literally translates as "hidden”, "secret” was the god of
the sun. Sacred animal of Amun had a ram.
Logical to assume, say researchers, traditionalists that we are
dealing with a weather vane pointing the direction of the wind on the
boat or from child’s play, which could plan, if it threw them into the
But the most sensational news distinguished historian William
Deutsch, who said that the Pharaoh Tutankhamun died 3300 years ago in a
plane crash. About this seems to say damage to his body. However, this
assumption is difficult to prove or disprove – the fact that there are
no specific lesions that could accurately point out that their carrier
was in a plane crash. Therefore, this statement was interpreted by many
researchers as a curiosity. Although, frankly, the truth about the life
of Tutankhamun we hardly ever know ..