The hypothesis that the abrupt transition from the ancient human foraging and hunting to agriculture, was not accidental, but was the result of
happened in ancient times begins to corroborate.
10 000 years ago, when early humans began to leave everywhere hunting and gathering for farming, when they began growing grains and livestock breeding, they became increasingly ill, and at the same time something happened with their growth - the first farmers were significantly lower than their predecessors-hunters. This trend was common to the entire planet.
Amanda Mammert, the anthropologist from Emori, private research university of the USA came to such conclusion. In the last issue of the journal Economics and Human Biology was published the first of such kind comprehensive review of scientific literature on the growth and health of people who lived during the transition to agriculture. There she examines the data previously obtained from different regions of the world - China, Southeast Asia, Europe, North and South America.
There were counted growth, dental health, bone density and fractures healed, even the pockmarks were taken into account in the skull that may indicate anemia or starvation stress.
Soviet scientist Nikolai Vavilov in his time developed and demonstrated a method by which it was possible to determine the centers of origin of crops. According to our research it became clear that the vast majority of the known cultivated plants has its origin only eight very limited area main centres.
"Many people believe that the transition to agriculture, which started the current civilization - says Mammert - gave them a stable source of food and, consequently, made them healthier. But the first farmers had seasonal food shortages, it was difficult to adjust to the new lifestyle, they may have become more dependent on certain types of grasses, their diet has become much less diverse. "
According to her opinion, definite role had played also the increased density in their settlements that led to increase in number of infectious diseases, increase of sanitary problems. To the diseases promoted affinity to animals and others, earlier absent, factors.
It is curious that medium height reduction has appeared a temporal tendency. Finally, it was replaced with return, and medium height of people began to increase.
"The mankind has paid the heavy biological price for mastering of agriculture, - Amanda Mammert's co-author, anthropologist George Armelagos says. - Especially that concerns a variety of foodstuff. Even today we receive 60 % of all calories consumed by us from corn, rice and wheat".
A lot of ancient sources testify about that the agriculture has been presented to people by gods and also the archaeological data . And ancient people did not hide it. They fairly recognized that gods have come and have taught them to do it. In which connection there was no any speech of worship to these gods. Sumerians, for example, do not mention any humanistic purposes of gods. Gods have only shifted their work on the people, using people as slaves. About sudden occurrence of some developed ancient civilisations also
s the myths, which
these ancient people told
themselves. It is said in them that «gods have come and have established among people norms and life rules, and have taught them to every wisdoms.»
Supporters of paleocontact assert that transition from hunting-collecting to agriculture and to civilisation, with receiving of all applied to those technologies has been brought from outside. They consider that principal cause of so sharp transition to agriculture were differences in biochemistry of gods, more exact the other structure of their blood .
One of the basic functions of blood is transportation. That is carrying over of oxygen to fabrics and carrying out from them carbonic acid. For this purpose there are the respiratory pigments containing ions of metal which connects oxygen molecules. In blood of the person it is haemoglobin which structure includes iron. By the highest standards the blood of the person is not the red too. It becomes red in the process of saturation with oxygen.
But the pigments containing ions of other metals can transfer oxygen too. For example - copper. In the blood of octopuses such pigment as haemocyanin works. It is on the basis of copper, that does the blood of these creatures blue, and skin colour from grey-dark blue to the green.
No matter how inventive is nature, but the majority of Earth's creatures blood red. This is due to the fact that the
many iron on Earth . This is the second most abundant metal. But only on Earth. And if on another planet, less iron and much more copper? Then for such creatures "evolution" uses copper to transport gases and nutrients. That means the blood is blue. Perhaps it is connected with this expression "blue blood", as belonging to the descendants of the gods.
Iron is found in almost all the foods that people consume. But especially in his many legumes, vegetables, herbs and berries. The last thing ... in the grass. In cereals and cereal products ... a lot of copper. Moreover. In grains contain substances that form soluble salts, deposited in the body and reduce digestibility.
Does not it seem odd choice of ancestors? They expressed a preference for troublesome and time-consuming crops, and plus have chosen the most difficult way of processing the crop. The grain is cleaned, milled, and has already received from the meal being prepared foods, while much easier to cook and useful, such as cereal grains from the crude. Useful, because refined grains contain much copper, but less vitamins than the crude.
If the gods were on the planet, which was rich in iron, but a little copper, they needed such as to adapt to these conditions. In addition, iron is chemically more active than copper. Once in the blood of the "gods", it will replace copper out of it. That is, the excess iron is bad for them, and this excess should be avoided.
The problem is solved by taking medications containing copper or a diet containing foods high in copper and low iron content. it seems that blue blood of "gods" explains "the choice of grain" of people.
There is another curious coincidence. Age of bronze, copper or rather coincides with the beginning of the cultivation of cereals. Iron came from people later - in the second century BC. By surrounding themselves with brass ornaments and utensils, they can significantly increase the penetration of copper in the body.
But the blood on the basis of copper has serious flaws in terrestrial conditions. First of all, that is not transport oxygen and carbon dioxide. And with an excess of carbon dioxide increases the acidity, changing the acid-alkaline balance, increases strength, clogged blood vessels. There is one good way to neutralize the acidity of the blood. This Spiritus Vini, or ethanol. It is easier and cheaper way to get ethanol from corn and grapes. By the way, grapes, too, is culture that requires tremendous work.